It is the most abundant amino acid in the plasm and in the musculature. It takes place in the muscle starting from other amino acids (glutamic sour, valina and isoleucina), for what it is not consider essential or dispensable.
The amino acids non essentials are those that the body takes place starting from nitrogen (amino acids) and hydrates of carbon.
The glutamine is a fundamental element to avoid the consequences of an excessively hard and lingering training.
The intense and lingering training produces a great fatigue and corporal deterioration for the great destruction of fabrics, what can derive in a chronic state of fatigue known as overtraining that diminishes the yield and it can produce illness or lesions.
Under extreme conditions of work or stress, the hydrate of the cells passes to a second plan regarding other biological more important processes for the survival.
If it diminishes the hydrate, the cells lose volume and,in this context, they stop to produce replacement substances for the waste, among them proteins and glucogen, being devoted rather to the destruction of these.
This intense catabolism (the process for which cells and fabrics are destroyed), degrades to the muscular fabric and it drains the sportsman energetically.
It has been associated the overtraining and all the consequences of the intense training with a decrease of the glutamine levels in blood.
The glutamine allows the recovery of the muscular and hepatic out glucogen after the training.
We will continue with the influence of the glutamine in the organism…
This is one of the big limitations of the human body, the possession of a great potential of energy that cannot distribute to our pleasure.
The organism limits us its use in function of the intensity of the effort, and of the time that takes in consenting to the energy.
If we make very short efforts, we know that we can make them with great intensity, but if these efforts want to prolong them in the time, we have to dose ourselves.
This dosage the mark the time that we need to be able to use the stored energy and the energy capacity of each energy source.
Said otherwise, TAP and the creatine phosphate, they have much more “octane” that the fats for example, for what allows more power.
By means of the training, we can increase the energy deposits, and to teach to the body to concentrate more energy on a concrete activity.
The creatine is more an energy component. It is present in the muscular (very near the contraction) cell, and their process to form TAP is very short.
For that reason, it is a fundamental element to prolong the efforts that are carried out with the available energy of the muscle, that is to say, those that are very intense, although short.
In synthesis, the creatine is, therefore, an element that is part of the organism that intervenes directly in the energy production, and whose activity is susceptible of improving by means of the feeding (including the suplementation) and for the training.
This will be in what we will center in next chapters.